& Their Meanings
ATSDR - Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry (HHS)
CAA - Clean Air Act - The Air Pollution Control Act of 1955 was the first federal legistlation involving air pollution. This Act provided funds for federal research in air pollution.
CAER - Community Awareness & Emergency Response - program developed by the Chemical Manufactures Assocation. Guidance for plant managers to assit in taking the initiative in cooperating with lcoal communities to develop integrated hazardous materials response plans.
CDC - Center for Disease Control (HHS) The CDC is one of the major operating components of the Department of Health and Human Services.
CEP&R - Commission for Emergency Planning & Response - Established by the Governor of Kansas' Executive Reorganization Order No. 29, this commision has assumed all powers, duties & Functions of the former Kansas SERC, which has been abolished.
CEPPO - Chemical Emergency Preparedness & Prevention - the EPA office is tasked with helping to prevent emergencies, responding to environmental crisis, and informing the public about chemical hazards in their community.
CERCLA - Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation & Liability Act - Covers hazardous substance releases into the environment and the clean up of inactive hazardous waste disposal sites.
CERT - Community Emergency Response Team - The Community Emergency Respnse Team (CERT) Program educates people about disaster preparedness for hazards that may impact their area and trains them in basic disaster reponse skills, such as a fire safety, light search and rescue, team organization, and disaster medical operations.
CFR - Code of Federal Regulations - is the codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government.
CHEMTREC - Chemical Transportation Emergency Center - operated by the Chemical Manufactures Associaton. Provides information and / or assistance to emergency responders. CHEMTREC will contact the shipper or producer of the material for additional detailed information, including on-scene assistance when feasible. Can be reached 24 hours, 6 days a week.
CHLOREP Chlorine Emergency Plan-operated by the Chlorine Institute. A 24-hour mutual aid program. Response is activated by a call to a CHEMTREC designated CHLOREP contact who will contact the appropriate team leader. The team leader will call the emergency caller at the incident and will determine what advise or assistance are required.
CMA Chemical Manufactures Association
CWA Clean Water Act The Clean Water Act is the primary federal law in the United States governing water pollution.
DOC U.S. Department of Commerce The historic mission of the Department is "to foster, promote, and develop the foreign and domestic commerce" of the United States.
DOD U.S. Department of Defense is the federal department charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the military.
DOE U.S. Department of Energy overarching mission is to advance the national, economic, and energy security of the United States; to promote scientific and technological innovation in support of that mission; and to ensure the environmental cleanup of the national nuclear weapons complex.
DOT U.S. Department of Transportation The mission of the Department is to: Serve the United States by ensuring a fast, safe, efficient, accessible and convenient transportation system that meets our vital national interests and enhances the quality of life of the American people, today and into the future.
EAS Emergency Alert System- can be used to inform the public about a hazardous materials incident & what safety precautions should be taken.
EHS Extremely Hazardous substance (as defined in SARA Title III) any chemical which is a physical hazard or a health hazard.
EMA Emergency Management Agency
EMI Emergency Management Institute- a component of FEMA’s Nation Emergency Training Center located in Emmitsburg, Maryland. Conducts resident & nonresident training activities for federal, state & local government officials, private economic sector managers, and members of professional & Volunteer organizations on course subjects from civilian nuclear preparedness to domestic emergencies caused by nature or technology.
EOC Emergency Operations Center is a central command and control facility responsible for carrying out the principles of emergency preparedness and emergency management, or disaster management functions at a strategic level in an emergency situation, and ensuring the continuity of operation of a company, political subdivision or other organization.
EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - The mission of the Environmental Protection Agency is to protect human health and the environment.
EPCRA Emergency Planning & Community Right-to-know Act (SARA Title III)- Specifies requirement for organizing the planning process at the state and local levels for specified extremely hazardous substances; minimum plan content; requirements for fixed facility owners & operators to inform officials about extremely hazardous substances present in their facilities; and mechanisms for making information about extremely hazardous substances available to the public.
ERT Emergency Response Team – a group of highly specialized experts available from the EPA
FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency The primary mission of the Federal Emergency Management Agency is to reduce the loss of life and property and protect the Nation from all hazards, including natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters, by leading and supporting the Nation in a risk-based, comprehensive emergency management system of preparedness, protection, response, recovery, and mitigation.
FRP Federal Response Plan The Federal Response Plan (FRP) establishes a process and structure for the systematic,coordinated, and effective delivery of Federal assistance to address the consequences of any major disaster or emergency.
FRERP Federal Radiological Emergency Response Plan The objective of the Federal Radiological Emergency Response Plan (FRERP) is to establish an organized and integrated capability for timely, coordinated response by Federal agencies to peacetime radiological emergencies.
HAZMAT a generic term for hazardous materials; flammables, explosives, corrosives, toxics & radioactives
HHS U.S. Health & Human Services is the United States government's principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, especially for those who are least able to help themselves.
ICS Incident Command System- the combination of facilities, equipment, personnel, procedures and communications operating within a common organizational structure with responsibility for management of assigned resources to effectively accomplish stated objectives at the scene of an incident
KCC Kansas Corporation Commission The mission of the state corporation commission is to protect the public interest through impartial, and efficient resolution of all jurisdictional issues. The agency shall regulate rates, service and safety of public utilities, common carriers, motor carriers, and regulate oil and gas production by protecting correlative rights and environmental resources
KDEM Kansas Division of Emergency Management The mission of the Division of Emergency Management is to provide a 24-hour operation to reduce loss of life and property, protect Kansans from all hazards by providing and coordinating resources, expertise, leadership and advocacy through a comprehensive, risk-based emergency management program of mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery.
KDH&E Kansas Department of Health and Environment The mission of the Division of Health is to promote and protect health and prevent disease and injury among the people of Kansas. The Kansas Health and Environmental Laboratories (KHEL) mission is to provide timely and accurate analytical information for public health benefit in Kansas and to assure the quality of statewide laboratory services through certification and improvement programs.
KEPRA Kansas Emergency Planning & Right-to-know Act(K.A.R. 2865-1) defines authority and responsibility for Kansas' implementation of Title III.
KHP Kansas Highway Patrol is devoted to improving quality of life through spirited and dedicated service. We pledge to be responsive to concerns of citizens and public safety partners.
LEOP Local Emergency Operations Plan- multi-hazard, functional plans which are generic in their response.
LEPC Local Emergency Planning Committee's initial task is to develop an emergency plan to prepare for and respond to chemical emergencies.
MARC Mid-America Regional Council serves as the association of city and county governments and the metropolitan planning organization for the bistate Kansas City region.
MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet- An OSHA regulated format for the presentation of hazardous communication material concerning a particular chemical or substance.
NCP National Contingency Plan (40 CFR 300) prepared by the EPA to put into effect the response powers and responsibilities created by CERLA and the authorities established by Section 311 of the Clean Water Act.
NFPA National Fire Protection Association is a U.S. organization (albeit with some international members) charged with creating and maintaining minimum standards and requirements for fire prevention and suppression activities, training, and equipment, as well as other life-safety codes and standards
NIOSH National Institute of Occupational Safety & Health is the federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness.
NFA The National Fire Academy- is a component of FEMA’s National Emergency Training Center. It provides fire prevention & control training for the fire service & allied services. Courses are offered in technical, management and prevention.
NRC National Response Center- a communication center for activities related to response actions and is located at the US Coast Guard headquarters in Washington, DC. The NRC receives and relays notices of discharges or releases to the appropriate OSC, disseminates OSC and RRT reports to the NRT and provides facilities for the NRT to use in coordinating a national response action.
NRT National Response Team- consisting of representatives of 14 government agencies (DOD, DOI, DOT/RSPA, DOT/ USCG, EPA, DOC, FEMA, DOS, USDA, DOJ, HHS, DOL, Nuclear Regulatory Commission and DOE), it is the principal organization for implementing the NCP. When the NRT is not activated for a response action, it serves as a standing committee to develop and maintain preparedness, to evaluate methods of responding to discharges or releases, to recommend revisions to the NCP. THE NRT may consider and make recommendations to appropriate agencies on the training, equipping, and protection of response teams.
NSF National Strike Force- The USCG counterpart to the EPA’s ERT’s.
OHMTADS Oil & Hazardous Materials Technical Assistance System- a computerized data base containing chemical, biological, and toxicological information about hazardous substances. OSC’s use OHMTADS to identify unknown chemicals and to evaluate how to best handle known chemicals
OSC On-Scene Coordinator- the federal official pre-designated by the EPA or USCG to coordinate and direct Federal response and removals under the NCP; or the DOD official designated to coordinate and direct removal actions from the release of hazardous substances, pollutants or contaminants from DOD vessels and facilities. When the NRC receives notification of a pollution incident, the NRC Duty Officer notifies the appropriate OSC depending on the location of the incident. Based on the initial report and any other information that an be obtained, the OSC makes a preliminary assessment of the need for a Federal response., IF an on scene response is requires, the OSC will go to the scene and monitor the response of the responsible party or Sate or local government. If the responsible party is unknown or not taking appropriate action and the response is beyond the capability of State and local government, the OSC may start Federal actions.
OSHA Occupational Safety & Health Administration (DOL)-aims to ensure employee safety and health in the United States by working with employers and employees to create better working environments.
PSTN Pesticide Safety Team Network-operated by the American Crop Protection Association to minimize environmental damage and injury arising from accidental pesticide spills or leaks. PSTN area coordinators are available 24 hours and contacted through CHEMTREC.
RCRA Resource Conservation & Recovery Act- directed by the EPA to identify hazardous wastes, both generically and by specific wasted and industrial process waste streams. Owners and operators of treatment, storage and disposal facilities must comply with standards which are implemented through permits issued by the State or EPA.
RMP Risk Management Program- Clean Air Act, Section 112-Facilities that produce, handle, process, distribute, or store certain chemicals must develop and report to EPA an accident prevention plan.
RRT Regional Response Team- representatives of Federal agencies and a representative from each State in the Federal region. During a response to a major hazardous materials incident involving transportation or a fixed facility, the OSC may request the RRT be convened to provide advise or recommendations.
RQ Reportable Quantities
SARA Superfund Amendments & Reauthorization Act
SEMA State Emergency Management Agency (Missouri)-to protect the lives and property of all Missourians when major disasters threaten public safety in any city, county or region of Missouri.
SERC State Emergency Response Commission
Superfund The trust fund established under CERLA to provide money the OSC can use during a cleanup
TPQ Threshold Planning Quantity is the quanitity of a hazardous material that triggers the requirement to develop and file an emergency plan.
TSCA Toxic Substances Control Act is a United States law, passed by the United States Congress in 1976, that regulates the introduction of new or already existing chemicals
USCG U.S. Coast Guard is a military branch of the United States involved in maritime law, mariner assistance, and search and rescue, among other duties of coast guards elsewhere.